Hip Joint Facts

Hip Joint Facts

By Chris Tubb

  • The hip joint is the most stable joint in the body due to a very deep socket (acetabulum)
  • It is therefore designed for stability versus mobility
  • The hip joint bears the weight of the upper body, head and trunk in upright posture and is therefore susceptible to degeneration
  • The acetabular labrum (a ring of fibrocartilage) helps to increase the stability of the hip joint by deepening the socket
  • Injury to the hip can result in pain in the groin, buttock or the lateral aspect (outside) of the hip
  • Common hip pathologies include: osteoarthritis (OA), labral tears, trochanteric bursitis, tendonitis, snapping hip syndrome, femoro-acetabular impingement
  • Treatments include surgery such as a total hip replacement, hip arthroscopy, injections, hydrotherapy or physiotherapy
  • Research has shown atrophy or wasting of the gluteus maximus occurs with hip OA (Grimaldi et al, 2009).
  • Strengthening the core muscles and gluteals is essential in recovering from a hip injury

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